The human brain has the same general structure as the brains of other mammals, but is larger than any other in relation to body size. The human brain is almost twice as large as the brain of the bottle-nose dolphin, and three times as large as the brain of a chimpanzee. Much of the expansion comes from the part of the brain called the cerebral cortex, especially the frontal lobes, which are associated with executive functions such as self-control, planning, reasoning, and abstract thought. The portion of the cerebral cortex devoted to vision is also greatly enlarged in humans.
Here we are presenting 10 different studies carried out about human brain at different parts of world which might give you a few insights of human brain.
- A 2011 study from Columbia University found that people have been relying more on the Internet, less on their brains. Which means your brain is going to forget more things over time
- In June 2012, a nine-year longitudinal study showed that participants with diabetes who didn’t control their blood sugar levels suffered from cognitive decline. Take control of your diabetes or prevent the disease completely by swapping everyday foods high in sugar for healthier choices, staying active with exercise, and seeing your doctor regularly
- Findings from a 2012 study reveal exciting new evidence that brain’s front-most region, the frontopolar cortex, helps predict future events from past experiences. It’s not exactly psychic-superpowers, but your brain is able to make short-term predictions and think strategically about the future by drawing conclusions from recent patterns
- In an isolated 2012 study, researchers found that people in a simulated gambling task could teach themselves to be more cautious bettors. With more research, scientists believe they can help with new developments in treating addiction and impulse-control disorders like ADHD
- Exercise helps more than just keeping your bones strong and heart pumping. Art Kramer, from the University of Illinois, found that memory—one component of brain’s many functions that declines with age—can improve with treadmill usage just three days a week, working up to an hour a day. Exercise increases blood flow to brain, which delivers vital oxygen and glucose. MRIs revealed that areas pivotal for decision-making, planning, and multitasking also improved in those who went on the treadmill.
- Brain games don’t do any good for your brain’s computational or memorizational health. In a recent study, 11,430 volunteers aged 18 to 60 completed a series of online tasks for a minimum of 10 minutes a day, three times a week, for six weeks. Even though participants improved at the tasks, researchers believe that there wasn’t a boost in general memory and learning abilities. Want to get sharp in your downtime? Listen to more music: Stanford University researchers found that it helps me better organize chaos, pay attention, make predictions, and update memory
- New research from the National Institute of Health showed that less than an hour of cellphone use can speed up brain activity in the area closest to the phone antenna. Although the verdict isn’t out yet on cell phone usage and cancer, many more studies reveal cellphone radiation to be linked with other disturbances, like sleep problems
- A recent report found that those who meditated for about 30 minutes a day for eight weeks showed significant changes in my parts linked to memory, sense of self, empathy, and stress. Try silently repeating a calming word again and again to prevent distracting thoughts from inundating your brain, or focus on your breathing to be more in the moment
- Amygdala and hippocampus (two parts linked to depression) light up when we hear laughter, as does the brain nucleus accumbens, which is a key player in pleasurable feelings. Chuckling reduces stress hormones and lowers blood pressure too, decreasing your chance of heart attack and stroke. In one 2012 study, researchers found an increase in oxytocin (also known as the “love hormone”, which enhances brain’s reward centers), when subjects listened to infant laughter
- A study from Columbia University found that people have been relying more on the Internet, less on their brains. That means your brain is going to forget more things over time
This complete our list of 10 latest research studies about brain. If you know some more please send it our way through the comments thread.